Bush Hill Park Primary School

020 8366 0521

Main Avenue, Enfield, EN1 1DS

Mrs Anna Theodosiou

At Bush Hill Park we follow the new National Curriculum programmes for the study of science. The focus of our science teaching is on building the skills of scientific enquiry so that pupils learn to use various approaches to answer relevant scientific questions. All children are explicitly taught scientific vocabulary applicable to their topics. 

At KS1 the principle purpose of our science teaching and learning is to enable pupils to experience and observe phenomena, looking closely at the natural and man-made world around them. They are encouraged to ask questions and are supported in their development of understanding new scientific ideas. 

In KS2 the pupils are encouraged to broaden their scientific view of the world through exploration, investigations and observations. They are encouraged to ask questions about their learning so that by KS2 upper they are developing a deeper understanding of a wide range of scientific ideas.

All children are taught to work ‘scientifically’, so that they develop the ability to use and apply different scientific skills during their investigations.  

 Science Curriculum Overview 2018/2019


Autumn 1

Autumn 2

Spring 1

Spring 2

Summer 1

Summer 2

Development Matters - Understanding the World: ‘The World’ (and throughout the year)

Features of objects in our environment; the natural world; observing plants and animals; how things work; growth, decay and changes over time; care and concern for living things and the environment; observing similarities and differences in the above.  Uses their senses to explore the world around them.

Year 1

Seasonal Changes
Observations over time (throughout the year)
Observe changes over the four seasons. Observe and describe weather associated with the
seasons and how the length varies

Animals including
Label the basic parts of the
human body (Ourselves)


Everyday Materials
Distinguish between an objects
and materials.
Identify, name and describe the
properties of everyday


Seasonal changes (focus)
Use senses to make observations about the
weather (amount of light or sun/temp)
Animals, including
Identify and name a variety of
common animals including fish,
amphibians, reptiles, birds and
Seasonal Changes
Continue with weather
observations and compare
our weather with other
countries in the world.
Observe plants and animals in
local surroundings (record
with photographs)
Year 2
Animals including

Understand and observe of life cycles (reproduction and growth)

Identify and describe the basic needs (water, food and air).

Describe the importance of healthy living (exercise, nutrition, and hygiene)

Living things and their habitat

Explore and compare things that are living, dead, and things that have never been alive.

Describe how habitats provide for the animals and plants, and how they depend on each other.

Identify and observe a variety of plants and animals in their habitats.

Everyday materials

Identify and compare the suitability of a variety of everyday materials for particular uses, considering the properties.

Find out how the shapes of solid objects made from some materials can be changed by squashing, bending, twisting and stretching.

Research inventors.

Observe and classify materials.

Observe and describe how
seeds and bulbs grow. 

Investigate and understand the needs of plants (water, light and a suitable temperature).

Living things and
their habitat
Understand and describe
food chains. 

Identify how habitat conditions affect the number and type(s) of plants and animals that live there.

Year 3



Identify and describe the parts and functions (roots, stem/trunk, leaves and flowers)

 Explore the requirements (air, light, water, nutrients from soil, and room to grow)

 Investigate water transportation within plants.

Understand life cycles (pollination, seed formation and seed dispersal).

Animals including
Identify the right types of

Understand the functions of skeletons and muscles (support, protection and movement).

Classification of rocks based on the

Describe fossils formation.

Recognise that soils are made from rocks and organic matter.

Recognise that dark is the absence
of light. 

Notice that light is reflected from surfaces.

 Understand dangers of light from the sun and ways to protect their eyes.

 Investigate shadows.

Forces and Magnets
Friction on surfaces

Notice that some forces need contact between 2 objects, but
magnetic forces can act at a distance.

Observe magnetic attraction or repelling each other and other

Predict whether magnets will attract or repel each other, depending on which poles are facing.

Year 4
Living things and
their habitats
Revisit habitats and

environmental change  

Classify living things.

Explore and group living things.

Use classification keys to identify living things.

Identify how sounds are made (vibrations). 

Explore pitch and volume.

Recognise that sounds get fainter as the distance from the sound increases.

Identify appliances that run on electricity. 

Construct simple series electrical circuits, identifying and naming its components (cells, wires, bulbs, switches and buzzers).

Recognise common conductors and insulators, and associate metals with being good conductors

Animals including humans
Describe the functions of the parts
of the digestive system. 

Identify the functions of different types of teeth and how to look after them.

Construct and interpret food chains (producers, predators and prey).

States of matter
Compare and group solids, liquids and gases.
Observe, measure and research materials that change state when
they are heated or cooled (Water)
Year 5


Earth and space
Describe the sun, earth, moon
and planets (shape, size and

Understand gravity, air
resistance, water resistance
and friction. 

 Properties and

changes of
Classify and compare
everyday materials based on
the properties (conductors,

Animals including
Timeline to indicate states in
growth and development of

Living things and their habitats
Classify living things using keys (mammals, fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians, insect)
Understand various life cycles/life processes and reproduction in plants and animals.
Identify and describe the functions of parts of a plant 

Year 6
Animals including humans

Understand the impact of diet and exercise and drugs.

Explain the function of the heart and circulation (blood vessels and blood).

 Nutrients and water transportation in animals, including humans.

Living things and their
Classify living things based on
characteristics (microorganisms,
plants animals)

Observe living things over time and record data using data loggers.

Evolution and inheritance

Recognise that living things have changed over time and that fossils provide information about living things that inhabited the Earth millions of years ago.

Identify how animals and plants adapted to suit their environment.

Recognise that living things produce offspring of the same kind, but sometimes offspring vary and are not identical to their parents.


Recognise that light appears to travel in straight lines.

Explain that objects are seen because they give out or reflect light into the eye.

Explain why shadows have the same shape as the object which casts them.


Associate the brightness of a lamp or the volume of a buzzer with the number and voltage of cells used in the circuit.

Use recognised symbols when representing a simple circuit in a diagram.

Scientific Method

 Exploring Science: How the World Works


 Click here to download the Science Curriculum (PDF)